thousands of urban-dwellers to abandon the cities in favor of long-distance commutes to new
homes in less populated areas. Left behind were thousands of residents unable to relocate due
to lack of transportation, affordable housing, and "institutionalized" discrimination. Over the
years, major manufacturing companies also chose to relocate. Many settled in the suburbs and
others migrated to remote off-shore locations, creating a cascade of small-business failures which
eventually led to social and economic collapse.
By the 1990's, supermarkets, corner grocery stores, and other retail shops had all but vanished and
" "food deserts. " Currently, within the United States, there are approximately 6,500 deprived and
struggling "food-desert" communities with over eighty percent located in large metropolitan areas.
at least thirty per cent of the population (many without transportation) reside one mile or more
from a supermarket or major grocery store. These under-served neighborhoods are the govern-
ment census tracts where 20 per cent or more of residents live below poverty level.
reside in food desert communities without major supermarkets, small business services, civic over-
sight, or recreational opportunities. Lacking access to grocery stores, and fresh produce, local resi-
dents have become dependent upon a diet of highly caloric, nutrient-poor fast foods which have
become available around the clock from a multitude of brand-name vendors and convenience stores.
The following eight divisions will be included in the Food Park Model:
(1) AN URBAN FARM WITH AQUA-CULTURE COMPONENTS; (2) SUPERMARKET'; (3) RESTAURANTS;
(4) TAKE-OUT CORRIDOR AND PRODUCE STAND; (5) COOL PLANET GOURMET (a fund-raising division
for the manufacturing and sale of prepared foods -- all profits dedicated to the support of Food Park
educational programs); (6) LOADING ZONES FOR SCHEDULED SHUTTLE BUS SERVICES; (7) A MULTI-
PURPOSE COMMUNITY CENTER for food demonstrations and family cook-ins, health education programs
for adults and children, public meeting rooms, and an auditorium for the arts and other community pro-
grams (the Community Center blueprints will include optional automated panels to accommodate periodic
health-screening clinics); (8) SPORTS AND CREATIVE ARTS CENTER for after-school programs and week-
multiple divisions as shown above in our Food Park rendering; or, depending upon community choices,
designs may be "high-rise" structures with expansive roof parks or elevated pathways circling the
building. A number of farms are referenced on-line as, "Urban Farms of the Future," depicting several
with stacked growing platforms, while others are built along river banks, and still others are buried
among skyscrapers in central cities. All have various cultivation methods featuring rotating growing
walls, roof-fields, planter boxes, circular planting beds, recycled water systems, "aquaponics," and
selected urban streets redesigned as bedding fields and community gardens. Currently, the Farm and
Table Food Park appears to stand alone in combining economic recovery for food desert communities
with sustainable urban agriculture and retail food outlets in a community park setting.
|OFFICERS of the CENTER
WALKING DOWN HOPE STREET
SCIENCE DERAILED -- DATA BURIED, SAYS
FORMER SURGEON GENERAL
NO SAFE HARBORS
THE PLAYER by LEWIS MACADAMS
URBAN DEVELOPMENT - Ballona Wetlands
AL MEYERHOFF (IN MEMORIAM )
Our Champions - Our Killers
|G R E E N I N G T H E F O O D D E S E R T S
IN SUMMARY, WHEN FULLY OPERATIONAL, THE MODEL FARM-TO-TABLE FOOD PARK
will provide multi-service retail jobs in a centralized setting through integrated and easily accessible
markets and shops -- featuring an urban farm, a supermarket, restaurant, community center, and a pre-
pared food facility, as well as nutrition education, and public health programs. Scheduled round-trip
shuttle-bus services will offer residents transportation to and from adjacent neighborhoods. After-
school programs will offer varied activities in a safe and healthful in-door/outdoor setting.
Through a combination of career-oriented employment, a secure food delivery system, and numerous
community health programs, we believe Food-Deserts will soon become the FOOD-PARKS of the future,
revitalizing and restoring a myriad of under-served populations throughout the United States.
approach with an effective visual platform and design presentation. We are developing a
portfolio which includes an over-all cost analysis covering a variety of architectural designs
To support and clarify the overall rationale for the Project, our presentation includes a compre-
hensive history of economic causation and projected community benefits from public-health goals
and plans for community participation. Each service division will be visualized through artist
renderings and 3D models depicting the social and health-oriented intention of the complex.
G U I DE L I N E S F O R O U T R E A CH
IN TRANSFORMING FOOD DESERTS INTO SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIES, we are integrating the science of climate change and
global warming in meeting the challenges associated with food insecurity, depleted eco-systems, and rising sea levels.
Growing food locally will eliminate transportation costs and the polluting effects of big rigs and long-distance hauling.
Immediate implementation of zero-waste management practices and "closed- loop" recycling will shrink our massive
carbon footprint, and help reduce the heat-island effect within the inner cities.
WHILE BUILDING OUR MODEL for FOOD SECURITY and ECONOMIC RECOVERY in FOOD DESERTS, we will also seek relation-
ships with the public and private sectors, utilizing the opportunity to join with public health clinics, hospitals, schools,
and community gardens for mutually beneficial partnerships.
As Food Deserts transition into sustainable economies, we believe the Farm-and-Table Food Park will become the model
of choice for urban agriculture bringing in a new era of food security, stable jobs and social cohesion where now none exists.
|SHIPS, TRUCKS, and TRAINS
by ANDREA HRICKO
ENVIRONMENTALISTS PAY PRICE FOR
COMPROMISE, by SEEMA MEHTA
"MEANING" by CZESLAW MILOSZ
VISIONING HOPE, by PETER DOUGLAS
STRENGTHENING AIR QUALITY LAWS
by JESSE MARQUEZ
SAVING THE WETLANDS
Protecting Under-ground Miners
by Celeste Monforton
The Environmental Relief Center (a non-
profit private foundation dedicated to
environmental education, sustainability,
and public health) understands that
selected copyright materials may be
reprinted for educational purposes. If you
are a Copyright holder, under the Fair Use
Provision of United States Copyright Law,
and believe we have mistakenly
published your materials, please contact
us and we will immediately remove your
informative essays, articles, or data.
| "Local Jobs Supporting Local Communities"
TO ASSURE JOB SECURITY AND EQUITABLE OPPORTUNITIES, an alternative economic structure for the
the enterprise and thereby share in executive decisions concerning Food Park investments and expan-
sion, distribution of profits, and rotational career-building opportunities.
have offered innovative programs to supplement the health and nutritional needs of "Food Desert"
communities. Significant local interventions have ranged from residential gardens, to the introduction
of fresh-food carts, mobile health clinics, nutritional guidance, electronic banking credits, food trucks,
and produce vending in corner stores. Certainly, there have been numerous personal and community
improvements as a result of these beneficial services, but lacking economic stability and long-term
employment, positive outcomes are difficult to assess and many evaluations remain incomplete.
|P R O J E C T D E S I G N A N D P R E S E N T A T I ON
| TRANSFORMING A "FOOD DESERT" INTO A SUSTAINABLE FOOD OASIS
| B U I L D I N G A S U S T A I N A B L E, U R B A N
|F A R M - and - T A B L E F O O D P A R K
|IIlustraton by: Art Curtis
|I N T R O D U C T I O N TO G R E E N I N G T H E F O O D D E S E R T S
|WHEN COMPLETED AND FULLY OPERATIONAL , THE FARM-and-TABLE FOOD PARK WILL COMBINE URBAN
AGRICULTURE WITH A FULL-SERVICE SUPERMARKET, PREPARED FOOD DIVISIONS, RESTAURANTS, AND A
COMMUNITY CENTER, PROVIDING A SUSTAINABLE MODEL FOR PUBLIC HEALTH AND ECONOMIC RECOVERY
IN FOOD-DESERT COMMUNITIES.
THE FOOD PARK MODEL WILL ALSO SERVE AS A SHOW-CASE FOR ENERGY-SAVING TECHNOLOGIES SUCH AS
SOLAR, WIND, HYDROGEN, AND OTHER RENEWABLE INNOVATIONS INCLUDING ZERO-WASTE MANAGEMENT
AND WATER RECYCLING.
|THROUGHOUT THE FARM AND FOOD- PARK COMPLEX, CONCERN FOR PHYSICAL SAFETY
will guide the architectural features and over-all design for buildings, public paths, and
elevated boardwalks, providing easy access to fresh produce and retail services, outdoor
activities, nutrition education, after-school programs, health screening, and family cooking
classes in a safe and secure community-park setting.